The history of competitive gaming can be traced back to 1972, when a group of students at Stanford University competed in a game of Spacewar. This event is considered to be the world's first video game tournament, and it paved the way for future competitions (and a massive industry).
From Small Beginnings to Global Industry: The History of Competitive Gaming
Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, competitive gaming began to gain more traction. Games such as Pac-Man, Donkey Kong, and Street Fighter II became popular choices for competitive play, with arcade machines being the primary venue for these events. In 1990, Nintendo held the first Nintendo World Championships, which pitted players against each other in games such as Super Mario Bros. and Tetris.
The late 1990s saw the rise of the internet, which would prove to be a game-changer for competitive gaming. Online multiplayer games such as Quake and Starcraft became popular choices for competitive play, and players from all over the world could now compete against each other in real-time. The rise of the internet also allowed for the creation of online gaming communities, where players could connect and compete with each other.
The competitive gaming industry as we recognize it today emerged during the 2000s. In 2002, Major League Gaming (MLG) was founded, which would go on to become one of the largest competitive gaming organizations in the world. MLG initially focused on first-person shooter games such as Halo and Call of Duty, but later expanded to include games such as Starcraft II and League of Legends.
The popularity of competitive gaming continued to grow throughout the 2010s, with the industry generating billions of dollars in revenue. In 2013, Riot Games held the League of Legends World Championship, which drew over 32 million viewers worldwide. The event was held in the Staples Center in Los Angeles, which is the same venue that hosts NBA games. This was a significant milestone for competitive gaming, as it proved that competitive gaming could draw huge crowds and generate massive revenue. Today, competitive gaming has become a global phenomenon, with millions of fans tuning in to watch professional gamers compete in games such as League of Legends, Dota 2, and Fortnite.
The Business of Competitive Gaming: How Players, Teams, and Cities Profit
There are several ways that competitive gaming teams and players can generate revenue, including sponsorships, merchandise sales, and tournament winnings. Sponsorships are a major source of income for many competitive gaming organizations, with companies such as Coca-Cola, Intel, and Samsung investing heavily in the industry. Competitive gaming teams and players can also make money through merchandise sales, such as jerseys, hats, and other branded items. Additionally, many competitive gaming tournaments offer significant prize pools, with some events offering millions of dollars in winnings.
The growth of competitive gaming has also had a significant impact on the economy. According to a report by Statista, the competitive gaming industry revenue is projected to reach $1.6M USD in 2023, with the industry expected to continue growing in the coming years. The report also notes that the market's largest segment is Sponsorship & Advertising with a market volume of $894.6M USD in 2023.
Competitive Gaming and Education: The Rise of Collegiate Competitive Gaming
Competitive gaming has also had an impact on the education sector, with many colleges and universities now offering competitive gaming programs and scholarships. In the United States, over 170 colleges and universities have competitive gaming programs, and the National Association of Collegiate Esports (NACE) now has over 170 member institutions. These programs provide opportunities for students to compete in competitive gaming tournaments while also pursuing their academic studies.
Competitive Gaming has also had an impact on traditional sports, with many professional sports teams investing in competitive gaming organizations or creating their own competitive gaming teams. The NBA, NFL, and MLS have all launched their own competitive gaming leagues, while teams such as the Philadelphia 76ers and the Miami Heat have invested in competitive gaming organizations.
Competitive Gaming in the Olympics
Discussions have emerged regarding the potential inclusion of Esports as a medal event in the Paris 2024 Olympics. While the popularity and legitimacy of competitive gaming are growing, there are concerns regarding player inactivity and the possibility of doping. The International Olympic Committee has expressed openness to considering Esports for future events, but only if they align with Olympic values and meet specific criteria. The competitive gaming industry has faced challenges such as player burnout, safety concerns, and drug use, but has taken measures to address these issues through player wellness programs and drug testing.
The rise of competitive gaming has been a remarkable phenomenon. What started as a small community of players competing in arcade games has now become a global industry, with millions of fans tuning in to watch professional gamers compete in high-stakes tournaments. Competitive gaming has also had a significant impact on the economy, generating billions of dollars in revenue and supporting jobs in various sectors. As the industry continues to grow, it will be interesting to see how it evolves and what impact it will have on the world of gaming and beyond.